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LA VALORISATION SOCIO-ÉCONOMIQUE DES ESPÈCES EXOTIQUES ENVAHISSANTES établies en milieux naturels : un moyen de régulation adapté ? Première analyse et identification de points de vigilance
Available Online

IUCN

Des invasions biologiques aux conséquences multiples: Les espèces exotiques envahissantes (EEE dans la suite de l‘ouvrage) constituent l’une des principales pressions sur la biodiversité à l’échelle mondiale, au même titre que la destruction des habitats naturels, la surexploitation des ressources, les pollutions ou le changement climatique. Les espèces introduites, lorsqu’elles se révèlent envahis¬santes, provoquent des impacts multiples, directs ou indi¬rects, affectant les espèces indigènes, les habitats naturels et les services rendus par les écosystèmes, mais égale¬ment les activités économiques et la santé humaine. Partout dans le monde, à des échelles géographiques et des intensités très variables, les EEE provoquent des altérations du fonctionnement des écosystèmes et causent la régres¬sion d’espèces indigènes. Selon les dernières estimations de la Liste rouge des espèces menacées de l’UICN, elles constituent une menace pour près d’un tiers des espèces terrestres menacées de disparition et sont impliquées dans la moitié des extinctions connues (UICN France, 2015). Sur le plan économique, les conséquences négatives des invasions biologiques peuvent être très importantes (Ket¬tunen et al., 2009). Les impacts qui génèrent des coûts économiques pour divers acteurs ou la société d’une manière générale sont multiples : dépréciation des rende¬ments agricoles, coûts sanitaires, coûts de régulation des invasions de ces espèces sur le terrain, coûts de restaura¬tion des milieux naturels envahis et, de manière plus diffi¬cilement quantifiable, les impacts sur les services rendus par les écosystèmes. Sur le plan sanitaire, de nombreuses espèces introduites constituent de plus une menace pour la faune et la flore ou pour la santé humaine. Elles peuvent être allergènes, pa¬thogènes ou toxiques, ou encore constituer des réservoirs ou des vecteurs de micro-organismes et virus pathogènes.
Les EEE de Nouvelle-Calédonie dans les bases de données mondiales GRIIS et GISD
Available Online

Barrièrek, Patrick

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Pagad, Shyama

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Wong, Lian Jenna

The Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (GRIIS) presents validated and verified checklists (inventories) of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species at the country, territory, and associated island level. Phase 1 of the project focused on developing validated and verified checklists of countries that are Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Phase 2 which is on-going, aims to achieve global coverage including non-party countries and all overseas territories of countries e.g. Netherlands, France and United Kingdom. Species belonging to all Kingdoms are covered as well as occurring in all Environment/systems. Country/ Territory/ Island checklists are reviewed and verified by networks of country or species experts. Verified checklists/ species records as well as those under review are presented on the online GRIIS website (www.griis.org). Individual species records are flagged with a ‘yes’ for verification. Only verified checklists/ species records are presented on the GBIF Portal. This annotated checklist is of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species known to occur in New Caledonia, an Overseas Territory of France. Purpose: The resource will be a support to countries to make progress to achieve Aichi Biodiversity Target 9 -in the development of their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans, their National Invasive Alien Species Strategy and Action Plan, target setting and monitoring.
Guam invasive species management plan interim 2017-2019: interim
Available Online
2017
The 2017-2019 Interim Guam Invasive Species Management Plan (GISMP) expresses the overarching goals and priorities of the Guam Invasive Species Council (GISC or Council). The Guam Invasive Species Act of 2011 (Public Law 31-43) established the Council as Guam’s lead entity in coordinating with local, regional, national, and international jurisdic¬tions in the fight against alien invasive species. Although the GISC is in its infancy stages of organization, it draws from the collective knowledge, past research, and progress of its members in establishing the Council’s goals and priorities. Priorities and goals identified in this plan reflect current and near-term resources, member capabilities, and status of certain invasive species. Recommendations contained in the Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii (RBP), the 2016-2018 National Inva¬sive Species Council’s Management Plan, the Regional Invasive Species Council (RISC), and various stakeholders were considered in the development of this plan. The Council also considered developments under the purview of the Hawaii Invasive Species Council and its 2015-2020 HISC Strategic Plan.
American Samoa invasive species and action plan.
Available Online
2017
American Samoa invasive species strategy and action plan for the only US territory in the South Pacific being such is faced with unique threats with its location from a national perspective and has a need for both nation al and regional collaborations. The ecological integrity of American Samoa is of utmost importance in the face of invasive species. The cultural identity of American Samoans is also closely tied to the ecological integrity of its natural environment. And given its a highly limited economy, any impact by invasive species on its natural ecosystems that provide goods and services will be almost immediate. The establishment of an invasive species plan, with its clearly articulated priority actions, goals and objectives will provide a guidance to deal with the threats of invasive species. The implementation of the plan will: (1) increase awareness of their threats; (2) inspire cooperation to prevent and minimize their impacts and implement appropriate approaches; and (3) improve decision making through the process of data and information sharing from the best available science. Priorities are: Implement urgent and necessary actions; Enhance capacities for informed decisions; Advance preventive and rapid-response protocols and measures.